Question #27:

    Are you willing to serve in the armed forces of the United States on combat duty wherever ordered?

Question 28:

    Will you swear unqualified allegiance to the United States of America and faithfully defend the United States from any or all attack by foreign             or domestic forces, and forswear any form of allegiance or obedience to the Japanese Emperor or any other foreign government, power or organization?

Loyalty Questionnaire

    As a result of these disturbances and to determine who was loyal to the United States and “relocate” them out of the camp, the WRA initiated an “indefinite Leave Clearance Program,” including loyalty questions which caused greater upheaval among the internees than the original uprooting from their homes had caused.  Because the original wording was intended to determine loyalt of possible draftees and was not modified to screen the general population, it created great confusion among the people.



Dillon Myer, then Director of the War Relocation Authority admitted that a big mistake had been made in the loyalty question.  For the Issei who were not allowed U.S. citizenship, they were being asked to reounce allegiance to the only country to which they were citizens.  For the Nisei, who never quesitoned their loyalty to the country of their birth, the United States, the questions were an outrage.  While other civilian American citizens (except those in the military) were not required to sign a loyalty oath, many Nisei felt betrayed by their own government.  They were not sure what the consequences might be; but they knew, depending on their answers, they might well be separated from their parents.  The poorly worded questionnaire resulted in divisions among the internees who would soon be classified based on their answers.