Books – Suggested Reading

Overview of Japanese American Incarceration

Axford, Roger W. Too Long Silent: Japanese Americans Speak Out. New York: Media Publishing and Marketing, Inc. 1986.[Interviews with twelve former internees focusing on their experiences including Gordon Hirabayashi, William Hohri and Hannah Tomiko Holmes.]

Conrat, Maisie and Richard Conrat. Executive Order 9066: The Internment of 110,000 Japanese Americans. Los Angeles: UCLA Asian American Studies Center, 1992. [Photographic exhibit catalog of the removal and detention of Japanese Americans].

Culley, John J. “World War II and a Western Town: The Internment of Japanese Railroad Workers of Clovis, New Mexico.” Western Historical Quarterly 13.1 (Jan. 1982):43-61. [Historical study of a small group of Japanese American railroad workers incarcerated after being accused of sabotage.]

Daniels, Roger, Sandra C. Taylor, and Hary H.L. Kitano. Japanese Americans: From Relocation to Redress. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1986. Revised Edition. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1991. [Covers many different aspects of the World War II experience.]

Daniels, Roger. The Politics of Prejudice. New York: Antheum, 1968. [Details the California anti-Japanese movement leading up to exclusion.]

Drinnon, Richard. Keeper of the Concentration Camps: Dillon S. Myer and American Racism. Berkeley: University of California Press. 1987. [Biography of War Relocation Authority (and later, Bureau of Indian Affairs) Director Myer.]

Garfinkel, Clair. The Evacuation Diary of Hatsuye Egami. Pasadena: Intentional Productions, 1995. [One of the few records of an Issei woman’s view on the World War II. Translated from Japanese.]

Hansen, Arthur A., and Betty E. Mitson, eds. Voices Long Silent: An Oral Inquiry into the Japanese American Evacuation. Fullerton: California State University, Fullerton, Japanese American Oral History Project, 1974. [Essays and oral accounts about life in camp.]

Irons, Peter. Justice at War: The Story of the Japanese American Internment Cases. New York: Oxford University Press, 1983. [History of the removal and detention of Japanese Americans which focuses eon the Supreme court challenges of the mass removal and how each side built its cases; alleges that Justice Department lawyers concealed evidence disputing the “military necessity” of the removal. This may be the definitive work on the legal aspects of the incarceration.]

Levin, Ellen. A Fence Away From Freedom. New York: G. T. Putnam and Sons, 1995. [Interview with a broad spectrum of former internees whose voices tell eloquently of their experiences.]

Neiwert, David A.. Strawberry Days: How Internment Destroyed a Japanese American Community. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2005..

Okihiro, Gary Y. Whispered Silences: Japanese Americans and World War II. Joan Myers, Photographs. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1996. [Photos of all ten camps as seen today accompanied by an essay written about former internees memories.]

Okubo, Mine. Citizen 13660. New York: Columbia University Press, 1946, Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1983. [Illustrated personal narrative about life int he Tanforan Assembly Center and the Topaz concentration camp.]

Personal Justice Denied: Report of the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1982. [Results of governmental investigation and hearings of the Japanese American experience during World War II.]

Sone, Monica. Nisei Daughter. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1953. Introd. S. Frank Miyamoto. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1979. [Autobiographical account of growing up as a Japanese American in Seattle before World War II, continuing to World War II at Minidoka and ending with college after camp.]

Uchida, Yoshiko. Desert Exile: The Uprooting of a Japanese American Family. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1982. [Autobiographical account of removal and detention at Topaz, Utah by an author of children’s books.]

Weglyn, Michi. Years of Infamy: The Untold Story of America’s Concentration Camps. New York: William Morrow & Co., 1976. [Overview of the removal and detention of Japanese Americans during World War II. Considered by many to be the definitive overview work on the subject.]


An Annotated Bibliography for Manzanar National Historic Site. Oral History program for the National Park Service. Fullerton: California State University, Fullerton. 1995

Armor, John and Peter Wright. Manzanar. Commentary by Jahn Hersey. New York: Times Books, 1988 [Collection of Ansel Adams photographs of Manzanar with accompanying text by Armor and Wright and causal summary by Hersey.]

Embrey, Sue Kunitomi, Arthur A. Hansen, and Betty Kulberg Mitson. Manzanar Martyr: An Interview with Harry Y. Ueno. Fullerton: Oral History Program, California State University, Fullerton 1986. [Interview with a key figure in the unrest at Manzanar in late 1942]

Garrett, Jesse A., and Ronald C. Larson, ed. Camp and Community: Manzanar and the Owens Valley. Fullerton: California State University, Fullerton, Japanese American Oral History project, 1977. [Interviews with non-Japanese American residents of the area around Manzanar concerning their recollections of the camp].

Houston, Jeanne Wakatsuki, and James D. Houston. Farewell to Manzanar. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1973. [Autobiographical account of life at Manzanar through the eyes of a child.]

Stanley, Jerry. I am An American: The True Story of Japanese Internment. New York: Crown publishers, Inc. 1994. [A story of Shiro and Mary Nomura who created the Manzanar Project at the Eastern California Museum in Independence, CA.]

Japanese Americans in Hawaii

Culley, John H. “Relocation of Japanese Americans: The Hawaiian Experience.” Air Force Law Review 24 (Spring 1984): 176-83. [Concise overview of Japanese Americans in Hawaii who were forcibly removed after the attack on Pearl Harbor.]

McAfee, Ward M. “America’ two Japanese-American policies during World War II.” Southern California Quarterly 69.2 (Summer 1987): 151-64 [Comparison of the treatment of Japanese Americans inHawaii and on the mainland emphasizing the role of the military government in Hawaii.]

Okihiro, Gary Y. Cane Fires: The Anti-Japanese Movement in Hawaii, 1865-1945. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1991. [Includes several chapters on Hawaiian Japanese Americans incarcerated during the war.]

Saiki, Patsy Sumie. Ganbare! An Example of Japanese Spirit. Honolulu: Kisaku, Inc. 1982. [About Japanese Americans in Hawaii who were forcibly removed and incarcerateed during World War II.]

Sarasohn, Eileen Sunada. The Issei: Portrait of a Pioneer: An Oral History. Palo Alto: Pacific Books, 1983. [Compilation of oral histories includes sections on the World War experience of the Issei, first generation Japanese Americans.]

Tanaka, Richard Koichi. America on Trial! Beginning of Japanese in America, Evacuation and Its Effects on Future Generations of Japanese Americans. New York: Carlton Press, 1987. [Autobiographical work recounts the history of Japanese Americans including accounts of the camp experience and the fight for redress from the author’s perspective.]

Japanese Americans in the Military

Chang, Thelma. I can Never Forget: Men of the 100th/442nd. Honolulu: Sigi Productions, Inc. 1991. [History of the all-Nisei 100th Battalion and 442nd Regimental Combat Team.]

Crost, Lynn. Honor by Fire: Japanese American at War in Europe and the Pacific. Novate, CA: Presidio Press, 1994. [An in-depth look at the Japanese American 442nd Regimental Combat Team.]

Duus, Masayo. Unlikely Liberators: The Men of the 100th and 442nd. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1987. [History of the all-Japanese American military units focusing on the experiences of the soldiers themselves.]

Harrington, Joseph D. Yankee Samurai: The Secret role of the Nisei in America’s Pacific Victory. Detroit: Pettigrew Enterprises, Inc., 1979. [About the soldiers of the U.S. Military Intelligence Service during World War II.]

Tanaka, Chester. Go For Broke: A history of the Japanese American 100th Battalion and the 442nd Regimental Combat Team. Richmond, CA: Go For Broke: 1982

Incarcerated Japanese Latin Americans

Corbett, P. Scott. Quiet Passages: The Exchange of Civilians between the United States and Japan. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University. 1987.

Gardiner, C. Harvey. Pawns in a Triangle of Hate: The Peruvian Japanese and the United States. Seattle: University of Washington press, 1981. [Recounts the story of Peruvian Japanese who were deported from Peru and incarcerated in the United States during World War II.]

Post-War Resettlement

Hirano, Kiyo, Enemy Alien. Translated by George Hirano and Yuri Kageyama. San Francisco: Japantown Art and Media Workshop, 1984. [Autobiography of an Issei woman recalling removal, detention and especially resettlement.]

Matsumoto, Valerie, J. “Japanese American Women during World War II.” Frontiers 8:1 (1984): 6-14. [Focuses primarily on Nisei women in camp and during the resettlement period.]

Matsumoto, Valerie J. “Nisei Women and Resettlement during World War II.” In Asian Women United of California, ed. Making Waves: An Anthology of Writings By and About Asian American Women. Boston: Beacon Press, 1989.

Okada, John, No-No Boy. Rutland, VT: charles E. Tuttle, 1957. San Francisco: Combined Asian American Resources project Inc., 1976. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1979. [Novel centering on the life and struggles of a “no-no boy” in post-war Seattle.]

Sawada, Mitziko. “After the Camps: Seabrook Farms, New Jersey, and the Resettlement of Japanese Americans, 1944-47.” Amerasia Journal 13.2 (1986-87): 117-36. [Study of resettlement community.]

Redress and Reparations

Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians. Personal Justice Denied: Report of the commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians. 2 Vols. Washington, DC: Government printing Office, 1982. Washington D.C.: Civil Liberties public Education Fund, 1997; Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1997. [Report of the congressional commission summarizes the Japanese American World War II experience; the second volume consists of the commission’s recommendations for reparations. This publication is now back in print and is available from the University of Washington press with new forward by Tetsudan Kashima.]

Hatamiya, Leslie. Righting a Wrong: Japanese Americans and the Passage of the civil Liberties Act of 1988. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 1993. [Overview of the political struggle to pass the Civil Liberties Act of 1988.]

Herzig, John A. “Japanese Americans and MAGIC.” Amerasia Journal 11.2 (Fall/Winter 1984): 47-65. [Answers charges by anti-redress proponents who cite the so-called MAGIC cable dispatches from Japan as evidence of Japanese American participation in espionage activity.]

Hohri, William. Repairing America: An Account of the Movement for Japanese American Redress. Pullman: Washington State University Press, 1988. [First-person account by the leader of the National Coalition for Japanese American Redress.]

“The Commission on Wartime Relocations on Internment of Civilians — Selected Testimonies from the Los Angeles and San Francisco Hearings.” Amerasia Journal 8:2 (1981):53-105.

Art and Literature Inspired by the Camp Experience

Gesensway, Deborah and Minday Roseman. Beyond Words: Images from America’s Concentration Camps. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University press, 1987. [Compilation of visual art created by former internees.]

Inada, Lawson. Legends from Camp. Minneapolis: Coffee House press, 1992. [Novel about a Japanese American family during World War II.]

Ishigo, Estell Peck. Lone Heart Mountain. Los Angeles: Anderson, Ritchie & simon, 1972. [Sketches and text about the author’s experiences at Heart Mountain; the author is a Caucasian woman who was incarcerated with her Japanese American husband.]

Leong, Russell, ed. The View from Within: Japanese American Art from the Internment Camps, 1942-1945. Los Angeles: Japanese American National Museum, UCLA Wright Art Gallery; UCLA Asian American Studies Center, 1992. [Catalog of art exhibition of paintings and other works of art produced by internees while they were in camp.]

Uchida, Yoshiko. Picture Bride. Flagstaff, AZ: Northland res, 1987. [Novel centering on an Issei picture bride which takes laces partially int he toaz concentration camp.]

Yamada, Mitsuye. Camp Notes and Other Poems. Berkeley: Shameless Hussy Press, 1976.

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